Legends of ArchitectureBy Sam Tuttle, Marvin Windows
Not too long ago we reflected on Frank Lloyd Wright’s lasting legacy within the architectural world. His prolific work includes everything from private homes to museums, and his influence led to the institution of Prairie School Architecture, Organic Architecture, Textile Style and Usonian Architecture. In this week’s MLuxe, we explore three more instrumental architects who have left lasting impressions on the industry..
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969)
Mies was a German-born architect and educator, and is widely acknowledged as one of the 20th century’s greatest architects. He’s known for emphasizing open space and revealing the industrial materials used in construction. Mies is often associated with his quotation of the saying, “less is more.” Some of his most famous works include the Minerals & Metals Building, S.R. Crown Hall and the Robert F. Carr Memorial Chapel of St. Savior.
Philip Johnson (1906-2005)
It wasn’t until age 36 that Johnson designed his first building. Despite his late entry to design, his impact on architecture has been tremendous. Johnson has been celebrated for championing International Style, which has heavily affected urban landscapes during the second half of the 20th century. Similarly, he also held a key role in reintroducing a wide variety of historic styles in contemporary architectural design. His works include the twin trapezoid-shaped Pennzoil Place in Houston, the 51-story IDS Center in Minneapolis and the New York State Theater at Lincoln Center.
Leoh Ming Pei (1917)
For more than 60 years, Pei has been one of the world’s most sought-after architects and has handled a wide range of commercial, government and cultural projects. His style has been described as thoroughly modernist, with significant themes derived from cubism – which makes use of simple geometric shapes and interlocking planes. Pei has had a hand in the structuring of countless buildings around the world, but perhaps his design of Paris’ Louvre museum’s new, and controversial, entrance has become one of the most iconic in his portfolio.
For additional architectural inspiration, check out our Inspiration Gallery.